01. [10p] Rotational delay - IOPS calculations

Every disk in your storage system has a maximum theoretical IOPS value that is based on a formula. Disk performance and IOPS is based on three key factors:

  • Rotational speed. Measured in RPM, mostly 7,200, 10,000 or 15,000 RPM. A higher rotational speed is associated with a higher-performing disk.
  • Average latency. The time it takes for the sector of the disk being accessed to rotate into position under a read/write head.
  • Average seek time. The time (in ms) it takes for the hard drive’s read/write head to position itself over the track being read or written.
  • Average IOPS: Divide 1 by the sum of the average latency in ms and the average seek time in ms (1 / (average latency in ms + average seek time in ms).

To calculate the IOPS range divide 1 by the sum of the average latency in ms and the average seek time in ms. The formula is:

average IOPS = 1 / (average latency in ms + average seek time in ms).

Let's calculate the Rotational Delay - RD for a 10K RPM drive:

  • Divide 10000 RPM by 60 seconds: 10000/60 = 166 RPS
  • Convert 1 of 166 to decimal: 1/166 = 0.006 seconds per Rotation
  • Multiply the seconds per rotation by 1000 milliseconds (6 MS per rotation).
  • Divide the total in half (RD is considered half a revolution around a disk): 6/2 = 3 MS
  • Add an average of 3 MS for seek time: 3 MS + 3 MS = 6 MS
  • Add 2 MS for latency (internal transfer): 6 MS + 2 MS = 8 MS
  • Divide 1000 MS by 8 MS per I/O: 1000/8 = 125 IOPS

[10p] Task A - Calculate rotational delay

Calculate the rotational delay (RD) for a 5400 RPM drive.

ep/labs/03/contents/tasks/ex1.txt · Last modified: 2020/08/04 20:26 by gheorghe.petre2608
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